Child death rate higher in USA than other wealthy nations

10 Enero, 2018, 00:56 | Author: Earnest Bishop
  • Norway A woman kisses her 4-month-old son in Oslo. Fewer than 0.3% of children die before the age of 5 in Norway

A child born in the United States has a 76 percent greater risk of dying before their first birthday than one born in other wealthy, democratic countries, according to a study published online Monday in the journal Health Affairs. In the most recent decade studied (2001-2010), infants in the US were 76 percent more likely to die and children 1 to 19 years old were 57 percent more likely to die than their counterparts in peer nations. Babies in the US are 76 percent more likely to die during their first year of life-often because of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or complications related to being born prematurely-while 15- to 19-year-olds are 82 times more likely to die from gun violence, which Thakrar called "the most disturbing new finding".

The study examined child mortality rates between 1961 and 2010 in the United States and comparable nations in the OECD, a group of 35 countries, founded to improve economic development and social well-being around the world.

Premature delivery and low birthweight have been consistently associated with poverty, which affects over 20% of USA children, the second highest percent among 35 developed nations, according to a 2013 United Nations Children's Fund report.

The United States has the worst overall child mortality rate compared with those of 19 other wealthy nations in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

While the United States spends more per child on health care than other wealthy nations, it has poorer outcomes than many, Thakrar noted. He also tells that this situation can also get poor as in Trump's administration, the budget includes of cuts to the Children's Health Insurance Program, which serves seven million children and covers the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program. Late last month, Congress passed emergency legislation to continue funding CHIP through May, but many states are expected to run out of money for the program before then.

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Researchers found that childhood mortality in the USA has been higher than all other peer nations since the 1980s; over the 50-year study period, the U.S.'s "lagging improvement" has amounted to more than 600,000 excess deaths. The numbers in the US are partly driven by gun deaths. For older children, the death rate in the US was 3.1 per 10,000, compared to an average of 2.0 per 10,000 in the other OECD countries.

Child mortality in the USA, defined as deaths of children age 1 to 19, has likewise seen slower declines than in other developed nations.

In the United States, the current leading causes of death among infants are premature deaths and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), the study found. Infants in the USA are three times more likely to die from complications associated with a premature birth and twice as likely to die from SIDS as infants in the other countries in the study.

The two leading causes of death for those 15 to 19 years old in the USA during the same time period were motor vehicle accidents and assaults by firearm. American teens are twice as likely to die from motor vehicle-related injuries and a stunning 82 times more likely to die from gun-related injuries than teens in the other countries.

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